Best Home Security Gun | Firearms Self Defense [2024]

June 12, 2024 17 min read

Worried about keeping your family safe at home? Choosing the right firearm for home defense can make a huge difference. This article will guide you through the best firearms, including handguns, shotguns, and rifles—helping you find the perfect one for your needs.

After you find the perfect defense weapon, head over to Spartan Mounts for custom mounting and storage solutions!

Keep reading to discover your ideal home protection solution!

Key Takeaways

  • Consider Firearm Types: Handguns like the Glock 19 Gen 5 and Walther PDP are popular for their ease of use and compact size. Shotguns such as the Mossberg 590A1 offer substantial stopping power, while carbines like the Daniel Defense AR-15 provide a balance between range and handling.
  • Evaluate Size and Handling: Smaller guns may be easier to manage, especially for inexperienced users or those with smaller hands. Full-size pistols often offer better accuracy but can be heavier.
  • Ammo Capacity and Caliber: High-capacity firearms (e.g., Glock 19 Gen 5) allow fewer reloads during emergencies. Common calibers include 9mm, which offers manageable recoil, making it ideal for quick handling in stressful situations.
  • Durability and Reliability: Select firearms known for reliability under stress—like Daniel Defense AR-15 rifles or Smith & Wesson revolvers—to ensure performance when you need it most.
  • Customization Options: Many home defense guns feature accessory rails for adding tactical lights or optics; this includes models like the Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol shotgun and Ruger PC Carbine rifle.

How to Choose the Best Home Defense Gun

Choosing the best home defense gun requires careful thought. Look at factors like firearm types, size, and ammo capacity... all crucial for making a smart choice.

Evaluating Firearm Types

Evaluating different types of firearms starts by understanding the basic categories: handguns, shotguns, and carbines. Handguns like semi-automatic pistols are popular for home defense because they are easy to handle and have a smaller size, making them good for close quarters.

Shotguns, especially pump-action shotguns like the Mossberg 590A1, offer substantial stopping power with low recoil—ideal for stopping intruders at close range.

Carbines such as the Daniel Defense AR-15 provide a balance between long guns and handguns. They have higher ammo capacity and manageable recoil while being accurate over longer distances.

Reliability is crucial; you want a gun that performs well without frequent malfunctions. Each type has its pros and cons—shotguns excel in raw power while pistols are easier to store securely in small spaces using gun safes.


The best firearm is one you can use confidently under stress, says law enforcement experts.


Choosing involves considering your comfort level with handling each firearm type along with their specific features like rear sight options or tactical lights which enhance effectiveness during home-defense scenarios.

Considering Gun Size and Handling

Smaller guns are easier to handle and control. They fit well in smaller hands, making them a good choice for family members who aren't used to larger firearms. On the other hand, full-size pistols offer better accuracy due to longer barrel length and provide more points of contact.

It's also important to think about how much you can comfortably carry. A heavy weapon might slow you down during an emergency situation—something like a Glock 19 Gen 5 is often suggested because it strikes a balance between size and handling ease.

Training with your chosen firearm ensures you know how it feels in action... This brings us next to understanding ammo capacity and caliber.

Understanding Ammo Capacity and Caliber

Ammo capacity tells you how many rounds a gun can hold. For home defense, a high-capacity firearm like the Glock 19 Gen 5 is great. It holds 15 rounds, which means fewer reloads during emergencies.

Caliber refers to the size of the bullet. Common calibers for home defense include 9mm and .45 ACP. A smaller caliber like 9mm offers less recoil and more magazine capacity—ideal for quick handling and accuracy in stressful situations...

Now, let's discuss some of the best home defense pistols available today!

Best Home Defense Pistols

It's crucial to have the right pistol for home defense. Let's explore some top choices and their features....

Glock 19 Gen 5

Glock 19 Gen 5 stands out as a top pick for home defense. This semi-auto handgun features a 15-round capacity, making it ideal for protecting your own home against bad guys. With an MSRP of $539, it's reasonably priced for its quality and reliability.

One big advantage is its size—perfect balance between maneuverability and control. Police officers commonly rely on Glock's durability and ease of use, underscoring the good reason to consider it for personal protection.


A reliable firearm can be the difference in critical moments.


Features & Description (Glock 19 Gen 5)

The Glock 19 Gen 5 offers unmatched reliability and high capacity. Sporting a polymer frame, it is lightweight yet robust. This makes it perfect for all-day carry or home defense situations.

A notable feature includes its improved Marksman Barrel, enhancing accuracy with precision rifling.

With an ambidextrous slide stop lever and no finger grooves, it's comfortable for any user—right or left-handed. The gun also boasts a reversible magazine catch for easy reloading under stress.

Its standard mag holds 15 rounds of mm ammo, providing ample firepower during critical moments. Bright night sights ensure visibility in low light...perfect when seconds count!

Pros & Cons (Glock 19 Gen 5)

The Glock 19 Gen 5 is a popular choice for home defense, especially for beginners. Let's break down its pros and cons...


Pros Cons
Lightweight and compact design Some may find it too small
High reliability and durability No manual safety
Easy to add lights, thanks to accessory rail Trigger pull might be stiff for some
17-round magazine capacity Grip may not suit all hand sizes
Excellent for beginners Not the most powerful caliber


Walther PDP

The Walther PDP is a top choice for home defense. Priced at $538, this 9mm handgun boasts the best striker-fired trigger in the market. Compact and easy to handle, it ensures quick target acquisition with its excellent grip texture and ergonomic design.


A reliable pistol for both new and experienced shooters.


Pros include its precision and reliability, making it an excellent choice for securing your home without breaking the bank. On the downside, some users may find it slightly bulkier than other handguns in its category—but its performance makes up for that minor drawback.

Features & Description (Walther PDP)

The Walther PDP has many great features for home defense. It boasts a high capacity, making it an excellent choice for self-defense. The gun is designed with ergonomic grips, ensuring comfort during use.

Its enhanced sights provide quick target acquisition.

This pistol also includes Picatinny rails for attaching accessories like tactical lights or lasers. Its trigger system offers smooth and consistent pulls, increasing accuracy. With its secure storage options and reliable design, the PDP is one of the best home defense firearms in 2024.

Pros & Cons (Walther PDP)

The Walther PDP offers a compelling mix of features for home defense, but it's essential to weigh its pros and cons...


Pros Cons
  • Excellent trigger—smooth and reliable.
  • High accuracy—enhanced for precise shots.
  • Ergonomic design—comfortable grip and handling.
  • Optics-ready—compatible with various sights.
  • Ambidextrous controls—suitable for left and right-handed users.
  • High ammo capacity—typically 15-18 rounds.


  • Higher price point—more costly than some alternatives.
  • Learning curve—may require practice for new users.
  • Heavier weight—cumbersome for some users.



Next, we'll delve into the best revolvers for home defense...

Best Revolvers for Home Defense

A good revolver offers reliability and ease of use... making it a solid choice for home security.

Smith & Wesson 686+

The Smith & Wesson 686+ is a dependable choice for home defense. It boasts a 7-shot capacity, allowing an extra round compared to standard revolvers. This double-action revolver features a stainless steel finish and ergonomic grip, making it comfortable to handle and fire.

With its solid construction, the Smith & Wesson 686+ offers durability and reliability in critical situations. The robust frame reduces recoil, ensuring better control over successive shots.

"The added capacity gives you that crucial edge in a self-defense scenario," said one expert.


“The added capacity gives you that crucial edge in a self-defense scenario,” said one expert.


Features & Description (Smith & Wesson 686+)

The Smith & Wesson 686+ stands out for its reliability and high capacity. This revolver boasts a seven-round cylinder, giving it an edge over most six-shot models. Its stainless steel frame ensures durability while minimizing recoil during use.

Equipped with both single-action and double-action mechanisms, the 686+ offers flexibility in firing modes. The gun features a comfortable rubber grip that improves handling, making it easier to control under stress.

With a barrel length of 4 inches, it's compact enough for home defense yet long enough to offer accuracy.

Next up is evaluating the pros and cons of this powerful revolver...

Pros & Cons (Smith & Wesson 686+)

The Smith & Wesson 686+ stands out as one of the best revolvers for home defense due to its durability and performance. Here's a quick breakdown of its pros and cons:


Pros Cons
Durable construction Heavy weight
7-round capacity Limited ammo capacity compared to semi-automatics
High accuracy Recoil might be high for some users
Reliable and easy to maintain Less versatile than some other firearm types
Stainless steel frame May require more practice for quick reloading


Taurus Raging Hunter

For those seeking a solid revolver, the Taurus Raging Hunter stands out. With an MSRP of $1029, it’s reasonably priced for what it offers. This gun has the capacity to hold 7 rounds—ample for most home defense situations.

Its rugged design includes a ported barrel to reduce recoil. The double-action mechanism adds reliability and ease of use. Some may find its weight a bit hefty, but many appreciate the stability this provides during shooting.

Features & Description (Taurus Raging Hunter)

The Taurus Raging Hunter stands out with its .357 Magnum / .38 Special +P chambering. This revolver combines power and versatility, making it a reliable option for home defense. Its construction features a ported barrel that reduces recoil, which aids in maintaining accuracy during multiple shots.

Ergonomics play a significant role in this model, offering a comfortable grip that fits most hand sizes well. The single-action/double-action trigger mechanism allows for quick firing, essential in high-stress situations like home invasions.

Enhanced sights provide better visibility and precision targeting in low-light conditions... crucial when every shot counts.

Pros & Cons (Taurus Raging Hunter)

The Taurus Raging Hunter boasts a robust and durable build, making it a solid choice for home defense. Let's break it down...

Pros Cons
High Capacity - The Raging Hunter has a large ammo capacity, crucial for home defense scenarios. Weight - Its sturdy build makes it heavier, which could be a downside for some users.
Durability - Built to last, this revolver can withstand frequent use. Recoil - With its powerful caliber, it can have a significant recoil that might be challenging for some.
Accuracy - Known for its precise shooting, great for defensive situations where accuracy is key. Size - Its larger frame may be harder to handle for those with smaller hands.
Versatility - Suitable for various ammunition types, adding flexibility to your defense strategy. Price - Higher cost compared to other revolvers, which might be a factor for cost-conscious buyers.


Best Shotguns for Home Defense

Shotguns are highly effective for home defense due to their spread and power. They're reliable, easy to use, and come in many models perfect for protecting your home....

Mossberg 590A1

The Mossberg 590A1 is a tactical shotgun designed for home defense. It has an 8+1 shot capacity, making it a reliable option for handling multiple threats. Its pump-action mechanism ensures durability and simple maintenance.

Priced at an MSRP of $812, the Mossberg 590A1 provides excellent value with features like ghost ring sights and a heavy-walled barrel for added strength. Its robust design makes it ideal for high-stress situations...

ensuring you have peace of mind at home.

- Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol

Features & Description (Mossberg 590A1)

The Mossberg 590A1 stands out as a top choice for home defense. It features a pump-action design and is known for its reliability. The barrel is heavy-walled, adding durability under stress.

The shotgun has an aluminum trigger guard and safety button, reducing weight without sacrificing toughness.

It holds up to nine shells—one in the chamber and eight in the tube—which gives you high ammo capacity. A parkerized finish resists rust, keeping it operational in different conditions.

It's compatible with tactical lights and other accessories, making it versatile for various situations... next up, let's explore the pros and cons of this robust home defense option.

Pros & Cons (Mossberg 590A1)

The Mossberg 590A1 is a popular choice for home defense. Here's a quick look at its pros and cons:


Pros Cons
  • Durable, military-grade construction
  • Comes with a ghost ring sight for better accuracy
  • Ample ammo capacity of up to 9 rounds
  • Reliable in harsh conditions
  • Easy to customize with various accessories


  • Heavy, difficult for some to handle
  • Harsh recoil, may be hard to manage for beginners
  • More expensive than some other shotguns
  • Large size makes indoor maneuvering challenging



Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol

The Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol stands out with its $1099 MSRP. As a 12-gauge semi-auto shotgun, it offers reliable performance for home defense. Its compact design improves handling in tight spaces, making it an excellent choice for quick maneuvers.

You get rugged durability with this shotgun. It's built to withstand harsh conditions while delivering consistent firing power. The A300's features include a pistol grip and tactical lights attachment options, adding versatility and ease of use under stress...

Perfect for those who want peace of mind at home.


Features & Description (Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol)

- Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol

Lightweight and easy to handle, the Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol is perfect for home defense. This semi-automatic shotgun features a durable synthetic stock that absorbs recoil efficiently.

It has an 18.5-inch barrel, making it compact enough for tight spaces but still effective at longer ranges.

The firearm boasts a high-capacity magazine, holding up to seven rounds of 12-gauge ammunition. Equipped with a bright front sight and rail systems for mounting tactical lights or red dot sights, this model ensures accuracy in low-light conditions.

Its smooth trigger mechanism allows quick follow-up shots, crucial in defensive situations.

Pros & Cons (Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol)

The Beretta A300 Ultima Patrol stands out for its practical features and high reliability... Let's explore its strengths and weaknesses.


Pros Cons
  • Reliable performance
  • High ammo capacity
  • Durable construction
  • User-friendly design


  • Higher recoil
  • Heavier weight
  • Potentially higher cost
  • May require regular maintenance



Best Rifles for Home Defense

Rifles provide accuracy and power for home defense. They are reliable choices with varied options fitting different needs....

Daniel Defense AR-15

The Daniel Defense AR-15 is a top choice for home defense rifles. It boasts a 30+1 capacity, ensuring you have enough rounds to handle multiple threats if needed. This rifle features excellent build quality and reliability, which is crucial in any defensive situation.

With its user-friendly design, the Daniel Defense AR-15 offers easy handling and quick maneuverability around tight spaces. The accurate firing mechanism makes hitting your target simpler, reducing the chance of overpenetration—a common concern with powerful firearms in confined areas.

Ideal for anyone looking for one of the best AR-15s available today!

Features & Description (Daniel Defense AR-15)

The Daniel Defense AR-15 stands out for its reliability and solid build. With a 16-inch barrel, this rifle offers accuracy and maneuverability. It features a free-floating handguard, enhancing stability and reducing weight.

The gun has an ergonomic grip that fits comfortably in the hand.

Built to last, it's made from high-quality materials like chrome-moly steel. The magazine capacity is flexible, accommodating various ammunition types—ideal for self-defense scenarios.

Its Picatinny rail allows easy attachment of accessories such as scopes and tactical lights... perfect for quick customization!

Pros & Cons (Daniel Defense AR-15)

When evaluating the Daniel Defense AR-15 for home defense, there are several pros and cons to consider...


Pros Cons
High capacity magazines Expensive
Durable construction Recoil can be intense
Highly customizable Not ideal for tight spaces
Excellent accuracy Loud report
Reliable performance Requires regular maintenance
Lightweight build May be overkill for some situations


Ruger PC Carbine

The Ruger PC Carbine is a versatile rifle. It boasts an MSRP of $779, making it reasonably priced for its features. This firearm uses Glock magazines, which adds to its appeal for existing Glock owners.

Perfect for home defense, the Ruger PC Carbine offers easy handling and accuracy. Its design supports quick target acquisition, essential in critical moments.

Features & Description (Ruger PC Carbine)

Ruger PC Carbine is reliable and offers a high-capacity magazine, perfect for home defense. It features an interchangeable magazine well system, allowing you to use different types of magazines, including those from Glock pistols.

The charging handle can be swapped to either side—a handy feature for both right- and left-handed shooters.

The barrel is fluted and threaded—ideal if you decide to add a suppressor. This carbine also disassembles quickly into two parts, making it easy to store or transport. Built with rugged construction in mind, the Ruger PC Carbine boasts a durable synthetic stock and soft rubber buttpad for added comfort during shooting sessions.

Pros & Cons (Ruger PC Carbine)

The Ruger PC Carbine is a popular choice for home defense rifles due to its versatility and ease of use. Let’s break down the pros and cons...


Pros Cons
Uses common magazines Not as compact as some handguns
Durable construction Can be heavier than other options
Easy to handle and control Requires more storage space
Accurate at home defense ranges Moderate recoil
Comes with interchangeable magazine wells Less maneuverable in tight spaces


Moving on, let’s explore the accessories that enhance your home defense setup...

Home Defense Gun Accessories

A loaded firearm is not enough... consider tactical lights, safes, and suppressors to boost your home security.

Importance of Gun Safes

Gun safes ensure safe storage of firearms. They prevent unauthorized access and reduce the risk of unintentional shootings. Using a biometric lock or cable locks secures your weapons in a way that's difficult to breach.

Firearm safety is critical in homes with kids, lowering the chances of adolescent suicide from unsecured guns. A gun safe also helps comply with state laws on secure firearm storage, making it an essential item for responsible gun ownership.

Benefits of Tactical Lights

Tactical lights enhance visibility in low-light situations. This is crucial during a potential home-defense scenario. A bright light on your gun helps identify targets quickly and accurately.

You can avoid costly mistakes by seeing clearly who or what you are aiming at.

Mounted lights also free up your hands for better control of the firearm. This makes handling easier and safer, especially with defensive shotguns like the Mossberg 590A1 or pistols like the Glock 19 Gen 5.

Tactical lights provide confidence, ensuring that if an emergency arises, you're prepared to handle it effectively... Now let’s talk about suppressors and their role in home defense....

The Role of Suppressors

Suppressors, also known as silencers, reduce the noise produced by gunfire. This makes them essential for home defense firearms. By lowering the sound, they help protect your hearing during an emergency.

Suppressors can improve accuracy too since less recoil and muzzle rise occur when firing.

Another benefit of using suppressors is the prevention of alerting intruders to your exact location. This gives you a tactical advantage in defending your home while keeping family members safe from loud blasts.

For these reasons, many homeowners consider adding suppressors to their self-defense firearms setup....

Understanding Firearm Liability

Owning a firearm brings responsibilities. Safe handling and secure storage are crucial to prevent accidents....

Importance of Liability Insurance

Liability insurance covers legal expenses if your firearm accidentally harms someone or damages property. It offers financial protection, ensuring you don't bear hefty costs out of pocket.

This type of insurance is a good idea for all gun owners. It helps cover potential legal fees and settlements, providing peace of mind and added security.

Safe Handling and Storage Practices

A good home-defense firearm needs safe handling and storage. Preventing accidents and complying with laws is crucial.

  1. Store Guns in a Safe Location

    Secure gun safes keep firearms out of reach from unauthorized users. Place it in an easily accessible yet hidden spot.

  2. Use Trigger Locks

    Trigger locks stop the firearm from discharging accidentally. They are affordable and add a vital safety layer.

  3. Unload Firearms When Not in Use

    An unloaded gun has less risk of accidental discharge. Always check if the chamber is empty when storing the gun.

  4. Keep Ammo Separate

    Store ammunition in a different secure location than your firearms. This limits access in case someone finds your firearm.

  5. Educate All Household Members

    Teach everyone about the risks and safe practices for firearms. Knowledge helps prevent mishandling or accidents.

  6. Install Weapon-Mounted Lights

    A tactical light attached to your firearm ensures you can see clearly at night, reducing the chance of firing at an unintended target.

  7. Follow Federal Firearms Licensee Regulations

    Adhering to these regulations helps you stay compliant with United States Code on gun ownership and usage.

  8. Invest in Liability Insurance

    Protect yourself financially against potential incidents involving your firearm by getting liability insurance coverage.

  9. Practice Safe Handling Regularly

    Regular practice improves familiarity and comfort with the gun, making safe handling second nature during emergencies.

  10. Perform Routine Maintenance Checks

    Keep your firearm reliable by cleaning it frequently and ensuring all parts function correctly.

  11. Adopt Best Practices for Gun Safety

    Establish routines like always pointing your gun away from people and never relying solely on safeties or decockers to prevent accidents.

  12. Utilize Hollow-Point Rounds for Defense

    These rounds expand upon impact, minimizing penetration through walls and reducing unintended damage.

  13. Monitor Access to Gun Storage Areas

    Implement measures that track who accesses your guns, especially if multiple people live in or visit your home frequently.

  14. Stay Informed About New Responsible Person Regulations

    Keeping up-to-date ensures all household members understand their roles under current laws regarding unsecured firearms.

Pros and Cons of Different Firearm Types

Different firearm types have unique strengths and weaknesses. Understanding these can help you make a more informed choice for home defense....

Shotguns: Pros & Cons

Shotguns are reliable and offer high stopping power, making them a good choice for home defense. A 12-gauge shotgun, like the Mossberg 590A1, can stop an intruder in their tracks with just one shot.

Pump-action models are especially popular due to their durability and ease of use.

On the downside, shotguns tend to be heavy and have harsh recoil. This can make them hard to handle for some people. Their limited ammo capacity means more frequent reloading during longer situations.

Despite these cons, they remain among the most effective options for self-defense in close quarters.

Handguns: Pros & Cons

Handguns are easier to carry and conceal. Their small size makes them ideal for quick access in tight spaces—like a bedside drawer. They often have higher ammo capacity, letting you take more shots without reloading.

On the downside, they need more training to use effectively. Handguns can be harder to control due to their lighter weight, causing recoil issues. Also, they generally offer less stopping power compared to larger firearms like shotguns or rifles.

Rifles: Pros & Cons

Rifles offer many benefits for home defense. They have a higher magazine capacity, so you can fire more rounds without reloading. Many rifles are easier to shoot accurately, which is crucial in high-stress situations.

The longer length of the barrel stabilizes the bullet's trajectory, improving precision.

However, there are downsides too. Rifles can be expensive and might not fit into everyone's budget for a self-defense option. Their longer length makes them harder to maneuver in tight spaces like hallways or around corners in your home.

They aren't as compact as handguns, making storage and handling more challenging for some people.

Practical Tips for Home Defense Firearm Usage

Practice regularly with your firearm. Know the legal requirements in your area.

Training and Practice Essentials

Dry fire and live fire practice are crucial. Dry firing means practicing trigger control without ammo, which helps improve accuracy. Live fire lets you understand recoil and real-time handling.

Both types of practice build muscle memory. Use dummy rounds for added safety.

Seek quality training from professionals. Certified instructors provide valuable tips on handling different firearms like shotguns or pistols safely. They can also teach legal considerations—important knowledge for any responsible gun owner.

Regular training and practice ensure you're prepared to use your home defense firearm effectively when needed....

Legal Considerations and Compliance

Every state has different firearm laws. Check your local and federal regulations before buying a new gun for home defense. Understanding these rules helps you avoid legal troubles.

Obtaining a concealed carry permit is crucial. This ensures you're legally allowed to carry your chosen firearm, possibly even for self-defense outside the home. Safe handling and secure gun storage are essential practices to keep everyone in your household safe from accidents.

Conclusion: Selecting Your Ideal Home Defense Firearm

Everyone needs a secure home. Picking the right gun helps you feel safe. Some guns offer better benefits for defense. Shotguns, handguns, and rifles each have their own strengths. Try different options to find your best fit!


1. What is the best gun for home security in 2024?

The best gun for home security can vary, but popular choices include pump action shotguns like the Mossberg 500 and semi-automatic handguns such as the Glock 19.

2. Are tactical shotguns a good option for self-defense?

Yes, tactical shotguns are a good option because they offer power and reliability. Models like the Benelli M series and Remington 870 are highly recommended.

3. Should I consider background checks when buying a firearm?

Yes, background checks are important to ensure you purchase your firearm legally and safely. Always follow local laws regarding gun sales.

4. Is ear protection necessary when using firearms for self-defense?

Ear protection is crucial to prevent hearing damage during practice or real-life situations involving firearms use.

5. Which handgun models are considered reliable for home defense?

Reliable models include the Sig Sauer P320, Smith & Wesson M&P Shield, and Glock 21 among others.

6. Can hollow points be used effectively in a home defense situation?

Hollow points can be very effective due to their stopping power while reducing over-penetration risks inside homes.